II World war

II World war World War II, or the Second World War (often abbreviated as WWII or WW2), was a global war that was under way by 1939 and ended in 1945.
It involved a vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Search with google:AlliesAllies ( U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia) and the Search with google:AxisAxis (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) .
It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million people serving in military units.
In a state of "total war", the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources.
Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Search with google:HolocaustHolocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it resulted in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.
These deaths make World War II by far the deadliest conflict in all of human history.


1939 Sept. 1
Germany invades Poland and annexes Danzig; Britain and France give Hitler ultimatum, declare war (Sept. 3)
1939 Dec. 17
Disabled German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee blown up off Montevideo, Uruguay, on Hitler's orders
Limited activity (“Sitzkrieg”) on Western Front.
1940 May 10
Nazis invade Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg
1940 May 10
Chamberlain resigns as Britain's prime minister; Churchill takes over
1940 May 26–June 3
Germans cross French frontier (May 12) using air/tank/infantry “Blitzkrieg” tactics. Dunkerque evacuation about 335,000 out of 400,000 Allied soldiers rescued from Belgium by British civilian and naval craft
1940 June 10
Italy declares war on France and Britain; invades France
1940 June 14
Germans enter Paris; city undefended
1940 June 22
France and Germany sign armistice at Compičgne
1940 Nov. 14
Nazis bomb Coventry, England
1941 April 17
Germans launch attacks in Balkans. Yugoslavia surrenders—General Mihajlovic continues guerrilla
warfare; Tito leads left-wing guerrillas
1941 April 27
Nazi tanks enter Athens; remnants of British Army quit Greece
1941 June 22
Hitler attacks Russia
1941 Aug. 14
Atlantic Charter—FDR and Churchill agree on war aims
1941 Dec. 7
Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor, Philippines, Guam force U.S. into war; U.S. Pacific fleet crippled
1941 Dec. 11
U.S. and Britain declare war on Japan. Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.; Congress declares war on those countries
1942 Feb. 15
British surrender Singapore to Japanese
1942 Feb. 19
Roosevelt orders Japanese and Japanese Americans in western U.S. to be exiled to “relocation centers,” many for the remainder of the war
1942 April 9
U.S. forces on Bataan peninsula in Philippines surrender
1942 May 6
U.S. and Filipino troops on Corregidor island in Manila Bay surrender to Japanese
1942 June 10
Village of Lidice in Czechoslovakia razed by Nazis
1942 Nov. 8
U.S. and Britain land in French North Africa
1943 Jan. 14–24
Casablanca Conference—Churchill and FDR agree on unconditional surrender goal
1943 Feb. 1–2
German 6th Army surrenders at Stalingrad—turning point of war in Russia
1943 May 12
Remnants of Nazis trapped on Cape Bon, ending war in Africa
1943 July 25
Mussolini deposed; Badoglio named premier
1943 Sept. 3
Allied troops land on Italian mainland after conquest of Sicily
1943 Sept. 8
Italy surrenders
1943 Sept. 10
Nazis seize Rome
1943 Nov. 22–26
Cairo Conference: FDR, Churchill, Chiang Kai-shek pledge defeat of Japan, free Korea
1943 Nov. 28–Dec. 1
Tehran Conference: FDR, Churchill, Stalin agree on invasion plans
1944 Jan. 22
U.S. and British troops land at Anzio on west Italian coast and hold beachhead
1944 June 4
U.S. and British troops enter Rome
1944 June 6
D-Day—Allies launch Normandy invasion
1944 July 20
Hitler wounded in bomb plot
1944 Aug. 25
Paris liberated
1944 Oct. 13
Athens freed by Allies
1944 Oct. 20
Americans invade Philippines
1944 Dec. 16
Germans launch counteroffensive in Belgium—Battle of the Bulge
1945 Feb. 11
Yalta Agreement signed by FDR, Churchill, Stalin—establishes basis for occupation of Germany, returns to Soviet Union lands taken by Germany and Japan; USSR agrees to friendship pact with China
1945 April 28
Mussolini killed at Lake Como
1945 May 1
Admiral Doenitz takes command in Germany; suicide of Hitler announced
1945 May 2
Berlin falls
1945 May 7
Germany signs unconditional surrender terms at Rheims
1945 May 8
Allies declare V-E Day
1945 July 17–Aug. 2
Potsdam Conference—Truman, Churchill, Atlee (after July 28), Stalin establish council of foreign ministers to prepare peace treaties; plan German postwar government and reparations
1945 Aug. 6
A-bomb dropped on Hiroshima by U.S.
1945 Aug. 8
USSR declares war on Japan
1945 Aug. 9
Nagasaki hit by A-bomb
1945 Aug. 14
Japan agrees to surrender
1945 Sept. 2
V-J Day—Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri

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