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Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia) is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
The capital is MilanMilan.
A sixth of Italy's population lives in Lombardy and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region,
making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest in the whole of Europe.
It is also the region with the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Italy.
Lombardy is bordered by SwitzerlandSwitzerland (north: Canton Ticino and Canton Graubünden)
and by the Italian regions of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
and Veneto (east),
Emilia-Romagna (south), and Piedmont (west).
Three distinct natural zones can be fairly easily distinguished in the Lombardy region:
mountains, hills and plains – the latter being divided in Alta (high plains) and Bassa (low plains).
The most important mountainous area is an Alpine zone including the Lepontine and
Rhaetian Alps, (Piz Bernina – La Spedla, 4,020 m), the Bergamo Alps,
the Ortler Alps
and the Adamello massif
it is followed by an Alpine foothills zone Prealpi,
which include the main peaks are the Grigna Group
(1,875 m) and Presolana
The great Lombard lakes, all of glacial origin lie in this zone.
From west to east these are
(shared with Switzerland),
, the largest in Italy.
South of the Alps
lie the hills characterized by a succession of low heights of morainic origin,
formed during the last Ice Age and small barely fertile plateaux,
with typical heaths and conifer woods.
A minor mountainous area lies south of the Po
, in the Apennines range
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