Chile, officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile),
is a South American
country occupying a long,
narrow strip of land between the Andes
to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
It borders Peru
to the north,
to the northeast,
to the east, and the Drake Passage
in the far south.
Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández
Salas y Gómez
and Easter Island in Oceania
Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica
although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty
Chile's northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper.
The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources,
and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century
when it incorporated its northern and southern regions.
Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of
The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.